Armed conflict, drought, famine and other serious disasters create emergencies in which large numbers of people require urgent help. This practical handbook is for all relief workers involved in giving humanitarian assistance at such times. It provides critical information needed to implement an effective response in the aftermath of an emergency. This edition has been extensively revised and updated and covers technical topics such as water and sanitation, as well as managerial skills and personal effectiveness. Also featured are chapters on personal security and telecommunications. The book also includes useful websites, Sphere minimum standards, copious cross-referencing, and new and revised illustrations, tables and checklists throughout.